Abraham’s Pharaoh was not King of Egypt

Richard Stanley

Administrator
I finished the book last night and, without having time for further review, have to say that it presents a compelling and coherent case, all the while addressing some issues that were problems for Velikovsky's chronological revision. One problem was that some ancient accounts had such as the Phoenicians originating from points south of Egypt. This scenario accounts for that, and thus Punt and / or "God's Land" as mentioned by Hatshepsut's mural is likely to be there in today's Yemen and across the Red Sea in Eritrea.

As such, this allows for all the Biblical Patriarchs, that can't be accounted for otherwise, to be located in much more contextually accurate settings and, in many cases, at least be stripped of undue grandiosity and other embellishments. In this regard the original Israelites become just another south Arabian tribe struggling to survive in a rough neighborhood of caravan marauding pirates, ultimately getting relocated to Palestine by the serial Assyro-Babylonian-Persian actions, actions and such that were later textually relocated via the translation of the Septuagint.

Ezzat asserts that this translation machination was done with the approval of Ptolomy I, and that, just as Postflavians assert, that elite Jews later conspired with the Romans to create Xianity.

The following is Ezzat's bullet point summary of his central thesis:

To simplify things let’s sum up and see what evidences we got so far that strongly debunk Egypt knew Pharaohs or Israelites.

  • First of all we have clearly pointed out that the Hebrew Bible (the original source of the Israelite stories) explicitly states and affirms that Mizraim and not Egypt was the place of the Moses/ Pharaoh story as well as the stories of Abraham and Joseph (who needs more evidences when we have already got an undisputable confession)
  • The confusion/ deception happened in the 3rd century BC after seventy Jewish scribes had replaced ‘Mizraim’ with ‘Egypt’ in their translation of the Hebrew Bible to Greek (Septuagint Bible)
  • Egypt is mostly designated in the Hebrew Bible as the tribe/ clan/ family of Egypt. And since our Egypt was one of the biggest Empires in the ancient world, then that tribal designation (Meshfaht in Hebrew) unequivocally denotes that the Jewish scribes meant Mizraim; the small village in south Arabia.
  • Nevertheless, we have also demonstrated that the rulers of ancient Egypt throughout most of its three-thousand-year kingdom were referred to as kings and queens. Referring to Egyptian monarchs as Pharaohs started with the influx of Jewish immigration to Egypt as early as the 4th century BC. But the (Arabian) tale of Pharaoh/ Moses had falsely clung to Egypt and began to spread far and wide after the publishing of the distorted Septuagint Bible and due to the Greek-Jewish complicity and deception.
  • The word Pharaoh or Per-aa has never been found in Egyptian records linked to the name of any Egyptian king prior to the Greek (Ptolemaic) era 305 BC– 30 BC. Likewise, Egyptian oral history and written records are not familiar with any Moses nor Israelites.
  • We have presented the investigations of a serious community of high-profile scholars (Dr. Kamal Salibi, Prof. Zaev Herzog, Dr. Fadel el-Rubaiee, Dr. Ziad Mouna, and Dr. Bernard Leeman) whose evidence-based findings affirm that the Israelites never set foot in Egypt and that the (Israelite) Mizraim is located in south western Arabia. Those scholars also agree that North Yemen is the place that witnessed the inception of Judaism as an exclusively Arabic religion with underpinnings of tribal violence and conflict.
  • A body of credible and respected Arabic historians, e.g. Al-Masudi 950 A.D and also Yaqut al-Hamawi 1230 A.D, mentioned Faraon and Mizraim as the Arabic chieftain and village where the story of Moses took place.
  • Also the prominent Arabic/ Yemeni historian and geographer, Al- Hamadani 893-945 A.D in his renowned book “Geography of the Arabian Peninsula) has offered our research with unique insight into the geography of South Arabia and North Yemen. According to Hamadani’s meticulous geographical description a new Biblical landscape located in South Arabia and North Yemen was coherently rendered using the place names and the Biblical map given in the Hebrew Bible.
  • We have shown that the whole tribal structure of the Israelite stories with its obviously Arabian milieu of slavery doesn’t dovetail with ancient Egypt and its agricultural culture that somehow rejected the slave trade.
  • We have demonstrated the etymology of the name of the land of the Nile valley from the remote antiquity down to the Islamic/ Arabic conquest. At no point in the ancient times was the Pyramids’ land called Mizraim.
  • We have proven by virtue of the (historically verified) letter sent by Mohamed to the Cyrus of Alexandria, before the Islamic conquest 642 A.D, that Egypt was called Copt/ Gept and not Mizraim.
  • We have made use of the testimony of Herodotus during his visit to Egypt in 450 BC. Nowhere in his valuable account had Herodotus mentioned Pharaohs in Egypt or Jews in Palestine. And most importantly, Herodotus always referred to the rulers of ancient Egypt as kings.
  • We have also incorporated the valuable testimony of Paul the Apostle, after sojourning for long three years in ancient Arabia, in which he is unambiguously confirming that Mount Sinai (where Moses received his tablets) is actually located in Arabia (and not in Egypt as falsely propagated)
  • We have explained that depicting and referring to the kings of Egypt as Pharaohs by Egyptologists doesn’t rely on any scientific basis; rather the terminology has slipped into academia by a mere Biblical bias and gullibility that continue to do immeasurable damage to any proper interpretation of ancient Near Eastern history.
  • We have demonstrated that the records of ‘Amarna Letters’ and the Cuneiform tablets of Assyrian and Babylonian kings never addressed the king of Egypt as Pharaoh.
  • In the last chapter the author has presented his own theory of ‘Arabic tribe of Israel’. Comparing the Egyptian records of both King Merneptah (1213 to 1203 BC) and king Ramses III (1186– 1155 BC), Dr. Ezzat concludes that the ‘Israel’ mentioned in King Merneptah stele must have been in ancient Arabia as the records of his successor King Ramses III are devoid of any mention of Israel/ Israelites during his military campaign in Palestine against the confederation of the Sea Peoples.
  • We have shown that the Israelite stories, all of them, are devoid of any mention of the Pyramids or the Sphinx. This finding doesn’t really need an archeologist or a historian to scratch his head about how and why the Israelites didn’t allude to them. Actually the Israelites never mentioned the Pyramids for the simple fact that their stories had never taken place in Egypt in the first place.
Ezzat, Ashraf (2015-03-03). Egypt knew no Pharaohs nor Israelites (Kindle Locations 1952-2001). Ashraf Ezzat. Kindle Edition.
 
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